Three phase induction motors have a very simple construction made up of a stator covered with electromagnets, and a rotor made up of conductors shorted at each end, arranged as a “squirrel cage”. They focus on the principle of induction where a Induction Motor china rotating electro-magnetic field it created through the use of a three-stage current at the stators electromagnets. Therefore induces a current within the rotor’s conductors, which in turns creates rotor’s magnetic field that tries to follow stator’s magnetic field, pulling the rotor into rotation.
Benefits of AC Induction Motors are:
Induction motors are simple and rugged in building. They are more robust and can operate in virtually any environmental condition
Induction motors are cheaper in expense because of simple rotor construction, lack of brushes, commutators, and slip rings
They are free of maintenance motors unlike dc motors due to the lack of brushes, commutators and slip rings
Induction motors could be operated in polluted and explosive conditions as they don’t have brushes that may cause sparks
AC Induction motors are Asynchronous Devices and therefore the rotor does not switch at the specific same speed because the stator’s rotating magnetic field. Some difference in the rotor and stator velocity is necessary to be able to create the induction into the rotor. The difference between your two is called the slip. Slip should be kept within an optimal range in order for the motor to use effectively. Roboteq AC Induction controllers could be configured to operate in another of three modes:
Scallar (or Volts per Hertz): an Open up loop mode in which a command causes a simultaneous, fixed-ratio Frequency and Voltage alter.
Controlled Slip: a Closed Loop speed where voltage and frequency are controlled in order to keep slip within a narrow range while operating at a preferred speed.
Field Oriented Control (Vector Drive): a Closed Loop Velocity and Torque control that works by optimizing the rotating field of the stator vs. this of the induced field in the rotor.
Observe this video from Learning Engineering for a visual illustration about how AC Induction Motors are constructed and function.