Cycloidal gearboxes or reducers contain four basic components: a high-speed input shaft, an individual or substance cycloidal cam, cam followers or rollers, and a slow-speed output shaft. The input shaft attaches to an eccentric drive member that induces eccentric rotation of the cycloidal cam. In substance reducers, the first track of the cycloidal cam lobes engages cam supporters in the casing. Cylindrical cam followers act as teeth on the inner gear, and the number of cam supporters exceeds the number of cam lobes. The second track of substance cam lobes engages with cam followers on the result shaft and transforms the cam’s eccentric rotation into concentric rotation of the output shaft, thus increasing torque and reducing acceleration.
Compound cycloidal gearboxes provide ratios ranging from only 10:1 to 300:1 without stacking phases, as in regular planetary gearboxes. The gearbox’s compound reduction and can be calculated using:
where nhsg = the number of followers or rollers in the fixed housing and nops = the quantity for followers or rollers in the slow acceleration output shaft (flange).
There are several Cycloidal gearbox commercial variations of cycloidal reducers. And unlike planetary gearboxes where variations are based on gear geometry, heat therapy, and finishing processes, cycloidal variations share simple design principles but generate cycloidal movement in different ways.
Planetary gearboxes are made up of three simple force-transmitting elements: a sun gear, three or even more satellite or world gears, and an internal ring gear. In an average gearbox, the sun gear attaches to the insight shaft, which is connected to the servomotor. The sun gear transmits motor rotation to the satellites which, subsequently, rotate within the stationary ring equipment. The ring gear is section of the gearbox casing. Satellite gears rotate on rigid shafts linked to the earth carrier and cause the planet carrier to rotate and, thus, turn the result shaft. The gearbox gives the result shaft higher torque and lower rpm.